Ganga – River of Life and Eternity

The National Museum on Janpath in New Delhi unveiled a large exhibition this month exploring the beliefs, histories, traditions, arts and cultures of India emanating from the Ganges – a river and a Goddess.

 

See below: A bronze vessel inscribed with the 108 names of Ganga, a map of the Ganges and a bronze statuette of the goddess.

Forget the big bang theory. The Rig Veda describes how the Earth began with a cosmic egg (hiranyagarbha). In the Upanishads, the soul of the universe broke in half, gold and silver. All the parts of the cosmic egg metamorphosed into features of our planet – outer membranes of the egg became mountains, inner membranes became cloud and mist. The white of the egg became the oceans, whilst veins developed into rivers.

The exhibition explained how the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and (invisibly or underground) Saraswati rivers at Allahabad is the ajna-cakra, forming a cosmic knot. Yogis who regularly bathe in this area can be liberated from rebirth.

Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Krishna all have connections with Ganga, the Tri-devatya.

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Vishnu had three consorts who were jealous of each other. To sort out the cosmic squabbling, Vishnu sent Ganga to Earth as a holy river, to wash away people’s sins.

Another story tells how Indra stole the horse of King Sagar, hiding it at the hut of the ascetic hermit, Kapila. The king sent his 60,000 sons (pretty prolific kind of king) to get the horse back, but they disturbed Kapila during his meditation, so he incinerated them all with an angry glance. It took Ganga water to purge them of their sins.

 

The Ganga is also the celestial river of the Milky Way, descended to Earth.

Krishna’s consort, Radha, was really angry when his relationship with Ganga intensified. Ganga turned to liquid and hid under his foot when she saw Radha coming.

Brahma glanced at the toe of Shiva’s wife, Parvati, at their wedding, thus committing celestial adultery. To wash away his sin, Shiva gave Brahma a pot of water from the Ganga.

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When Vishnu crossed heaven, Brahma used the water in this pot to wash his feet. The run off fell onto Mount Meru, the centre of the universe, and from there it anointed Shiva’s head. As the angry Ganga descended from heaven, Shiva let down his matted, long hair so the river could form tributaries.

Tarakasura was a demon who fought the gods. Like Achilles at Troy, he had a weakness – he could only be slain by a son of Shiva. The problem was that Shiva was a celibate yogi, so the gods sent Kama (as in Sutra) the god of love, to hit him with a sacred arrow. Shiva fell in love with Parvati, but ejaculated prematurely (god knows how long he’d been celibate for). Agni, god of fire, caught the spilled seed and brought it to earth.

Shiva’s sperm fertilised the wives of six holy sages (krithikas). Their husbands threw them out on account of their “adultery”, so they travelled to the Himalayas. They gave birth to a child, Kartikeya, with six heads in the River Ganges. Ganga looked after Kartikeya until he was old enough to defeat Tarakasura after a universe-shaking battle.

During the rains, devotees of Shiva take water from the source of the Ganges into a clay pot and bring it back to their villages without setting the pot down. If they are successful at this task (Kanvad Yatra), their wishes come true. People devise amazing structures to carry the water.

All this mythology and religion was making my head spin, so I was delighted to come across a display of Bollywood film posts, featuring the Ganga.

At the end of the exhibition, there was a room dedicated to bringing people’s attention to pollution of the Ganga.P1290631

Fittingly the exhibition displayed some Jaina diagrams depicting torture in hell. Serves the polluters right, I thought.P1290637P1290639P1290640

Thursday Doors

I am gradually posting the remainder of my collection of Delhi Door Photographs before I end my mission here in June. Let us begin with a pinkie.

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Even though the door looks a wreck, it is still worth keeping secure with a couple of padlocks and a length of chain.

Even if the guard appears to have dozed off.

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Some pointy doors, with a dog-tooth design.

More doors, draped with electrical wires and a string of ornaments.

Finishing up with a purple beauty.

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At the barber’s shop

Barbers don’t just cut hair. They offer head, neck, shoulder and arm massages, too. I wouldn’t recommend the eyebrow massage; it did nothing for me and was really uncomfortable.

Also on the repertoire are hair dyeing, shaving, and most intriguingly of all, face washing. I witnessed this a few weeks ago. It is not just wiping someone’s cheeks with a soapy flannel. This is industrial strength cleaning, really getting the grime out of your flesh.

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Morning stroll

TS Eliot wrote that “April was the cruellest month”. Even though he studied Indian Philosophy and Sanskrit at Harvard, he obviously hadn’t visited Delhi in May. The heat is oppressive, touching mid 40s Celsius in the afternoon and barely dipping below 30 at night. Google says the temperature is 44, adding the rider that “it feels like 44”. Thanks for pointing that out, Google.

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The morning sun kisses the pool just before 7am

So the best time of day is the morning. I enjoy walking to the swimming pool at 6:40am. It is surprisingly busy at this time of day. Official yellow buses (one is called “Lily”, another “Aster”) pick up children from Shalimar Bagh to take them to private schools. There are also unofficial mini-buses, jam packed with kids, their satchels and knapsacks piled onto the roof. I know they are unofficial because they usually don’t have yellow licence plates used by public service vehicles.

Often dad will take his children to school on his motorbike (child straddling the petrol tank) or scooter (child standing in the foot well). Sometimes, there is another child on the back. The children rarely wear helmets.

At 8:45am on the way to the clinic, we sometimes pass a bicycle towing a tin cage, complete with bars, filled with children of kindergarten age. It reminds me of the Child Catcher in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. But this Shalimar, not Vulgaria. It is my ambition to capture a photograph of it before I leave Delhi.

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Boys and girls at junior schools have matching uniforms – grey trousers or skirt, with purple/white tartan-patterned shirt. Some have an elasticated tie, which often hangs down very low, past their crotch. The boys have gleaming, oiled hair, neatly combed with a parting and usually a few errant clumps of hair sticking up at the back. Many girls have long plaits with ribbons. Our local secondary school uniform is white. Schools must have flexible scheduling because some pupils enter the gates before 7am and I see others entering at 8am when I am on my way home from the pool.

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The tricycle cart is coming down the wrong side of the road

The cows are out in force, scavenging on both sides of the dual carriageway. If, like me, you are carrying a bag, the cows think you are fair game for a bit of begging. The trick is to avoid eye contact and just keep moving. If they think you might have some food in the bag, they are onto you and will hunt you down. Other cows see you are being trailed and think they are missing something, so they join the posse.

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At the roadside rubbish dump (there is no municipal collection of garbage in our district), there are cows competing with scavenging humans for edible or saleable debris. Sadly, the cows can’t open plastic bags containing waste food, so they eat the lot. The plastic bags clogs up their stomachs and can result in starvation and death if they are not admitted to a cow hospital. This is India; there are more cow hospitals than children’s hospitals.

There are no public toilets on Gyan Shakti Mandir Marg, so people from the slum use the pavement. I try not to look as I walk past, but occasionally a child will give me a friendly wave while he or she is squatting at stool. There is a plastered brick wall which clearly indicates the average groin to ground distance of Indian men. Interestingly, the yellow gate in this wall now has a blue sign advertising a new school – “Neo Arts Co-Ed Middle School” fully recognised and aided by Government. But looking through the yellow gate there is nothing but an acre of waste land with a few lean-to huts on one side. I saw one chap urinating onto a wire cage which contained an electrical transformer; he was due for a shock. “Warning: 1,100 Volts” says the sign.

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On the way back from the pool, I bought some small peaches, about the size of an egg. They don’t resemble peaches much, being green and firm. I don’t think that they will grow much bigger either, because some are riper than others at the same size. You can buy mangoes, coconuts, bananas, pineapples, apples and other fruits outside one of the public parks. The barrow boys hang out there to pick up trade from healthy walkers, practitioners of yoga and grim joggers. There is also kombi van which has been kitted out with a blender, doing a roaring trade serving fancy drinks like “wheat grass” and aloe juice. Good for detoxing your chakra, but I don’t understand this stuff.

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It is quite dangerous walking down the street to the pool. The pavements are unpleasant, being blotted with hanks of faeces, or unsafe, with broken slabs over the stinking drains. Pavement space gets misappropriated by micro commercial enterprises. The way is blocked by stacked pots, motorcycle/scooter mending tools, crude barbers’ chairs, tyre repair paraphernalia, chai vendors and even blocks of ice, covered with tarpaulin.

I tend to walk at the side of the road, but cars are usually double parked close to the residential areas, sometimes parallel but usually at an angle. Pedestrians have to dodge around the ends of the vehicles, keeping a look out for speedy motorbikes nipping past on the inside of slower three wheeler vans. As the street is a dual carriageway one might think it is safe to walk facing the traffic, but drivers don’t respect the Highway Code and often drive the wrong way, against the flow.

In places, the road surface is pitted and potholed, so smaller vehicles swerve out of their lane to avoid the bumps. This is very scary for pedestrians. Occasionally, a rickshaw will brush against my shoulder. I have been bumped once or twice, but not enough to knock me over. Indians don’t seem to have that sense of “personal space” or even road safety, which we have in Britain.

Flamboyant trees are in full flame-coloured blossom, but the Purple Bauhinia tree outside our apartment is past its best. The laburnum-like Golden Shower tree seems to produce raceme after raceme of bright yellow flowers. Bougainvillea flowers virtually all year round, reds, purples and white being the predominant colours. The cows have eaten or destroyed all the shrubs planted in the gap between carriageways. Oleanders survive best, possibly because they contain a chemical related to digoxin, a cardiac glycoside named oleandrin.

Sometimes I will see a dog perched on the roof of a car. Perhaps it is cooler up there than in the dirt. Less frequently I see large, black, hairy rats scurrying back into the storm drains. At least they haven’t started begging from me yet.

Shantih Shantih Shantih.

 

Street Market Scenes in Ardash Nagar

The wholesale fruit and vegetable market across the road from our clinic is the biggest in Asia. Trucks crammed full of produce unload in the open warehouses. The distributors   divide up the produce into barrow loads for distribution across the city at formal and informal markets. There is an informal market along the side of the Grand Trunk Road. I took a stroll with my camera one Saturday morning to take some pictures.

Virtually everyone was happy about having their photograph taken. Very few people made it clear that they weren’t interested. I smiled, wished them well and moved on. Some boys became very excitable and fought each other to be in the photograph. Older lads were more insistent that I take their pictures in gangsta poses.

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Many wanted to see their pictures on the back of my camera. Now it is so easy to send photographs via social media, WhatsApp or messenger, all they need to have is my phone number to download a copy of a picture on their smart phone.

Thursday Doors

This selection of doors features the surrounds, especially above the doors. All from Delhi, it goes without saying. The first door has a curious sedimentary rock surround, with faded garlands strung from a pole. The door is incidental, metal.

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Homage to the Nehru/Gandhi dynasty. There is even a painting of the Sikh guard who murdered Indira. He is the bare-chested chap with a gun in the belt of his white trews.

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Here’s a nice bit of carved stone, painted orange.

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SKS India – for a clue look at the image on the top right.

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I’d be happy if I went to a school with a powder blue door and a pink fancy stoop.

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I honestly haven’t a clue about the decoration above this door in Old Delhi.

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This doorway is very posh, with beautiful Mughal motifs around a pointed door.

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Those of you who follow my normal (non-Door) blog will know that this sign is advertising the accoutrements of an Indian wedding. The fancy tiered light with coloured glass and the bedecked horse for the groom. The rider wouldn’t get down this alley.

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Tailor and Drapper (sic) for both ladies and gents. The doorway doesn’t really inspire much confidence in the skills of the proprietor.

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Unfortunately, the balcony/walkway outside the pale blue door has collapsed, leaving just the supporting ribs jutting out. There’s a fine old wreck of a door below.

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And a beauty to end on. Elle’s beauty salon, in several shades of blue, with fancy plaster work picked out in gold and green. The open door gives a tantalising view into another door in a courtyard. I need another haircut, methinks.

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